Hemp Flower vs Biomass: Does Hemp Biomass Include Flower?

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Hemp biomass seems to be all the buzz nowadays, at least in communities of hemp farmers and users. But what exactly is it, and what benefits does it offer?

Hemp biomass refers to the harvested parts of the hemp plant, but this classification does not include flower. Sometimes, the term “CBD biomass” is used to describe hemp biomass that contains high levels of CBD. The flowers of a hemp plant are sold as hemp flower, CBD flower, or CBD hemp flower.

So why should you care about hemp biomass, then, if it doesn’t necessarily encompass CBD hemp flower? The answer might be surprising – there are lots of ways we can use hemp biomass to our advantage, many of which have some serious real-world implications.

What Is the Difference Between Hemp Biomass and Flower?

The term “hemp biomass” is often used to describe all of the harvested parts of a hemp plant, including leaves, stalks, and flower, among other things. Hemp flower is simply one component of the plant.

Biomass is so significant, in fact, that the majority of CBD products are created using it. It’s far more cost-effective to buy large quantities of biomass that’s high in CBD to create products than to extract CBD from hemp flower. 

To really understand this difference, it helps to have a solid grasp on what hemp itself is, how it differs from marijuana, and where CBD comes into play. 

Both hemp and marijuana are both variants of the Cannabis sativa species of plant. Unlike marijuana, though, hemp does not contain significant amounts of the cannabinoid THC, which is responsible for producing a psychoactive high.

As a result, hemp and the plant material it creates offer many of the same benefits of marijuana, including other cannabinoids like CBD, without creating a mind-altering, impairing experience for the user.

The recent boom in the CBD industry has occurred thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized the production, cultivation, and distribution of industrial hemp across the nation. 

As tens of thousands of users across the country begin to implement CBD products into their routine, the demand for hemp cultivation has skyrocketed, as has the amount of biomass (or plant material) that comes with it.

It’s worth noting that there are different grades of hemp biomass, which are determined by the levels of CBD and other cannabinoids within the plant material. High quality biomass that’s rich in CBD contributes to a wide variety of CBD products, including many you probably know and use yourself.

Does Hemp Biomass Include Flower?

Hemp biomass may or may not include flower; different grades of biomass contain different levels of cannabinoids because of what a grower incorporates into their “biomass.”

Remember, the term “biomass” simply refers to harvested material from a plant, which is a condition that hemp flower meets. Some brands and farms may harvest flower to sell separately and recycle the rest of the plant as “biomass” to be sold or used for extraction.

Others, namely larger companies that sell products in bulk, may simply grind up the entire hemp plant, buds and all, and sell the complete, processed product as “biomass” or “CBD biomass.”

What Is Hemp Biomass Used For?

Hemp biomass consists of all parts of the hemp plant that can be harvested for use in some way, and is frequently used for extracting CBD to incorporate into products. 

Aside from being used to create CBD oils, tinctures, and more, biomass, particularly components that aren’t rich in CBD, (stems, stalks, leaves, etc.) can be converted into energy, fuel, and more.

You may see hemp biomass that’s got little to no CBD content discussed as “hemp fibre” or “hemp fiber” biomass. 

Though it may not have as much practical use for manufacturing products, this sort of biomass still is distinct and has real uses.

Hemp biomass as a whole has a promising future. Some biomass is rich in oil, and some are rich in fibers, meaning that there’s a wide variety of practical uses for different parts of the plant.

For example, biomass that’s got higher amounts of oil often contains a lot of seeds is ideal for pressing into fuel. On the flip side, biomass with more fibers might be better utilized in textiles.

Perhaps most significant is the potential that hemp biomass has in terms of fuel and energy, both of which are in high demand across the globe. 

Below are just a few of the ways that hemp biomass can be turned into clean energy:

  • Hemp biomass can be converted into hemp biodiesel (which can be used to fuel vehicles). This discovery has huge implications for the way we may fuel our cars in the future, especially given the massive negative impact that traditional gasoline has on our wallets and the environment.

  • Hemp biomass can be made into hemp ethanol or methanol, both of which are also commonly used as fuel for machinery and vehicles.

  • Pellets made from hemp biomass can be used in pellet stoves to produce heat.

Clearly, the potential uses for hemp biomass are numerous, and it’s likely that more will rise in popularity over time as we learn more about the plant.

Can You Smoke Hemp Biomass?

While it is possible to smoke hemp biomass, there’s not really any practical reason to do so; hemp biomass consists of parts of the plant that don’t contain notable amounts of CBD, so smoking it won’t deliver therapeutic effects. Even biomass that’s higher in CBD contains other parts of the plant that may lead to a less than ideal experience.

Also, the smoke you’d inhale from biomass is likely to be pretty harsh and unpleasant. After all, you’d be taking in smoke from parts of the plant that are meant to be durable and fairly basic in terms of their structure.

It might not harm you (though there is an argument to be made that needlessly putting hot smoke in your lungs with no payoff is harmful in and of itself), but it won’t really be worth your time and effort.

How Much Biomass Does a Hemp Plant Produce?

Most hemp plants produce around 1-2 lbs of dry biomass, but the exact amount of hemp biomass and CBD biomass that a single hemp plant can produce will vary significantly based on the size of the plant itself, the way it’s grown, and its overall health or vitality. 

A pound or so might not seem like a lot of biomass, but keep in mind that CBD products are often sold by the gram. A couple of pounds of biomass (though not all of it will be CBD biomass) can create a decent amount of product.

How Much Does Hemp Biomass Sell For?

Some estimates suggest that hemp biomass sells for around $2.50 a pound, a figure that’s abysmal compared to the past; the market value of hemp biomass is, unfortunately, rapidly decreasing due to a number of factors.

CBD biomass, on the other hand, sells for around $0.50 per percent CBD per pound, meaning that biomass with a potency level of 25% would sell for around $12.50/lb.

Clearly, profitability isn’t very high when it comes to growing and selling hemp plant matter and biomass, a reality that’s put many industrial hemp farmers in seriously hot water.

How Much CBD Is In Hemp Biomass?

The amount of CBD in hemp biomass depends on the plant, as does the amount of CBD found in CBD biomass (the parts of the plant that are rich in the cannabinoid). Most CBD plants range around 10-20% in terms of potency, but the amount of CBD found in hemp biomass may be even lower than that.

That’s because hemp biomass includes a lot of the hemp plant that doesn’t really contain much or any CBD. So, if you’re looking specifically at what’s often labeled as “CBD biomass,” you can expect to see much more of the cannabinoid.

How Much CBD Is In Hemp Flower?

In general, hemp flower contains around 100-200 mg of CBD per gram, depending on how potent it is. A gram of CBD help flower that’s got a 20% potency level, for instance, packs around 200 mg (out of the total 1000 mg) of CBD.

Of course, the type of flower you’re using matters here. Not all CBD flower is grown to be as potent as possible, and those strains that are may exceed the estimates discussed above

As a general rule of thumb, though, you can expect a couple hundred milligrams of CBD in every gram of flower you purchase.

Takeaway: The Future of Hemp Biomass

Though hemp flower isn’t technically removed from the blanket term of “hemp biomass,” most conversations surrounding this topic differentiate between biomass that’s rich in CBD (“CBD biomass”) and everything else (“hemp biomass”).

So, depending on how you look at it, hemp biomass may or may not include CBD hemp flower.

Regardless, though, the potential for hemp biomass in general is great, especially when it comes to creating clean energy and fuel. 

It just goes to show how much the cannabis family has to offer society – it really is like nature’s medicine! 

To fully reap all the benefits that CBD products, including CBD hemp flower, have to offer, check out our directory, which is full of all the information you need to make a choice that works for you.

Josh Murdoch

Josh Murdoch

I was born with Cystic Fibrosis, and although it is incurable, CBD and THC have been allowing me to live my life as a healthy adult now for years. For that reason, I’ve dedicated my career to spreading the good news about cannabinoids. Currently, I work for a vertically integrated cannabis company called Unrivaled Brands that operates in California, Oregon, and Nevada. Previously, I worked on two cannabis farms in northern California, one of which was located in the famous Humboldt County. I’ve also managed a medical cannabis delivery service in Marin County, California. I created CBD Facilitator to share what I’ve learned, and to recommend the best products that I have found in this chaotic market.

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